Home  |   Contact  |   Latinica  |   Ћирилица  |   English  
 
14.3.2014.

Orthodoxy and Roman Catolicism

Our Church is the Apostolic Church, which means that it was founded by Jesus Christ and organized by the Holy Apostles. The teaching of Jesus Christ and His Holy Apostles has been faithfully preserved in our Church by the Holy Tradition.

During the first few centuries, within the Church five Patriarchates were established with the sees in the following cities: Antioch (in Syria), Jerusalem, Alexandria (in Egypt), Rome and Constantinople. These five Patriarchates were united into One Church until the middle of the 11th century.

In 1054, a split occurred between the four Eastern Patriarchates and the Roman (Western) Patriarchate. The formal reasons for the split were a number of innovations introduced in the Western Churches. All the Western Churches were under the sovereignty of the Roman Patriarch. The Roman Patriarch preferred to call himself ,,Pope”, which is a word of Greek origin, meaning ,,Father”.

The main reasons for the split among the Churches were as follows:

1. The Roman Church began to profess a new false teaching about the Holy Spirit. Namely, in the 4th century, it was defined that the Holy Spirit proceeds from God the Father. This definition was expressed in the eighth article of the Orthodox Creed. The Roman Church changed this article by inserting in it that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son. This was repudiated by the Orthodox Churches of the East.

2. The Orthodox Churches always used leavened bread (made with yeast) In the Holy Communion. The Roman Catholic  Church introduced the use of unleavened bread (made without yeast-wafers) in their Holy Communion. This innovation of the pope of Rome is contrary to the command of Jesus Christ, when at the Last Supper He used leavened bread.

3. The Orthodox Churches give Holy Communion to the faithful under both species, namely, the Body and Blood of Christ, since Jesus Christ Himself said: “Who eateth my flesh and drinketh my blood has eternal life (John, Chapter 7: Verse 54). He gave to the Apostles at His Last Supper both-His Body and His Blood through His blessing of bread and wine. The Roman Catholic Church practices Holy Communion under one form, namely, that of the Holy Body of Christ, depriving their faithful from communicating of the Precious Blood of Jesus Christ.

4. In the Fifth century, the Roman Catholic Church introduced the teaching that St. Peter the Apostle founded the Church of Rome and that he was the first Christian Bishop of Rome. Accordingly, all succeeding Roman Bishops are successors of St. Peter the Apostle, and vicars of Christ on earth. That is not correct since it is proven that the Church of Rome was founded by the disciples of Saint Paul, and the first Bishop of Rome was Linus, ordained by Saint Paul.

5. The Roman Popes introduced the teaching of the infallible supremacy of the popes on the basis that St. Peter was the Supreme head of all the Apostles. Jesus Christ did not appoint St. Peter as the Head of the Apostles, but gave to him the equal spiritual power as he gave to the other Apostles. Since Peter denied Christ three times, he was received again among the Apostles by thrice interrogation by Christ: “Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me?” It has never been historically confirmed that St. Peter was ever in Rome preaching the Gopsel, but in his latter years, he was brought to Rome by command of the Roman Emperor Nero, were he was crucified, as the Holy Tradition teaches.

6. The Roman Popes, along with their false teaching of Spiritual supremacy, introduced the teaching of their political supremacy over all states, rulers, kings and emperors. Upon this, their false capacity, many times, as is recorded in history, the pope blessed wars, kilings and persecutions against other Christian nations.

7. The Roman Popes imposed celibacy upon their priesthood,which means, they forbade the priest-candidates to get married. This again is contrary to the teaching of the New Testament in which is said: that celibacy or monkhood is received only voluntarily. At the First Ecumenical Council (325 A.D.) the celibacy of the priest had been repudiated.

8. In 1439, at the Council of Florence, the Roman Catholic Church introduced the teaching abaut purgatory. It is the belief that when people die,  they have to saffer temporal punishment for their forgivable sins, called “Venial” sins. After the Last Judgment, the unpardoned sinners will saffer eternal punishment. However, the Roman Catholic Church claims further, the pope has the authority to save from temporal suffering the person condemned to purgatory by his indulgence which is remission of sins if a person makes some monetary donation to the church.

9. The Roman Catholic Church does not grant church divorces, but only “separation from table and bed”.

10. In 1854, at the Council of Vatican, the Roman Catholic Church defined the teaching about the Immaculate conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary. This implies that the belief that the Blessed Virgin Mary was conceived and born without the stain of original sin. This was also an innovation in the teaching of the Church.

In 1870, at the Council of Vatican, the Roman Catholic Church defined the teaching that when the Pope of Rome officially speaks about faith or morals, his statements are final and guaranteed by God against error or mistake. Thus, the Roman pope was given the authority to perform single-handedly what was the privilege of Church Councils since the Apostolic times to do under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, namely, to define the teachings of the Church.

According to these innovations and teachings, the Pope of Rome is unmistakable !

They introduced in their church the worship of statues and the use of instrumental music (organs) in their church services, and so on.

The Roman Catholic Church preaches and teaches that there is no salvation outside its fold.

The Roman Catholic Church separated herself from the One, Holy, and Apostolic, Orthodox Church and through her false teachings, she became heretical. All other teachings of the Roman Catholic Church, which from the time of the Holy Apostles have remained unchanged are recognized by the Holy Orthodox Church !

From the ,,Serbian Orthodox DIVINE LITURGY – PRAYERS – CATECHISM”,
Published by St. Sava Seminary Fund, Inc. in U.S.A., 1979

 


Other stories
20.2.2014., News

Divine Liturgy in Stoke-on-Trent - 16.2.2014.

Have you ever wondered what God is like? In the parable of the Prodigal Son, Jesus Christ tells us what God is like, for we see Him in the goodness, the love, the care, the forgiveness of the father in the story. The story of the lost son has been called the most beautiful and meaningful of all the stories of the Gospel. But it is not a story to entertain, it is meant to teach.
3.1.2014., News

Patriarchal Nativity Encyclical 2013

The Serbian Orthodox Church to her spiritual children at Christmas, 2013; IRINEJ By the Grace of God Orthodox Archbishop of Pec, Metropolitan of Belgrade Karlovci and Serbian Patriarch, with all the Hierarchs of the Serbian Orthodox Church to all the clergy, monastics, and all the sons and daughters of our Holy Church: grace, mercy and peace from God the Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit, with the joyous Christmas greeting: Peace from God! Christ is Born! “I bring you good tidings of great joy which will be to all people. For there is born to you this day in the city of David a Savior, Who is Christ the Lord”
2.1.2014., News

Last sermon of a German clergymen

Friedrich Griesendorf, who died in 1958, was a very educated man. He was at one time a court clergymen for the German Kaiser, Wilhelm II. After World War II, he was a pastor in the Eversburg church parish where a camp of Serbian prisoners of war was located. Before retiring, he dedicated these lines to his German parishioners: “Our country lost the war. The English, Americans and Russians won. Maybe they had much better equipment, larger armies, better leadership. In reality, it was an explicit material victory. They took that victory. However, here among us is one nation that won another much more beautiful victory, a victory of soul, a victory of the heart and honesty, a victory of peace and Christian love.
31.12.2013., News

Why do we celebrate Christmas on January 7th?

While most of the Christian world celebrates the Birth of our Lord Jesus Christ on December 25th, members of our Serbian Orthodox Church commemorate this Great and Holy Day on January the 7th each year! The reason for this difference is that, our Church still maintains the old Julian calendar for the designation of its holidays. This Calendar was introduced by Julius Ceasar in 46 B.C. and consisted of 365 days in each year, except the fourth year, leap year, which had 366 days.
13.12.2013., News, Memorial Services

Anniversary of death of Father Valerijan Štrbac

On 18 December 1953 Father Valerijan Štrbac was appointed to serve as the priest for the Serbian community in the north of England. He was instrumental in converting a former Mount Carmel Methodist church in Boothtown, Halifax, to become the very first official Serbian Orthodox Church in the north of England. This building was purchased in a dilapidated state but after much renovation was finally completed and consecrated on 26 September 1954 and became the parish of the Serbian Orthodox Church of the Holy Trinity. He continued to work tirelessly for his parish and was deeply involved in all aspects of church life both spiritually and in the community.
5.12.2013., News

What Attracts People?

What attracts people to a Church? A convenient location? YES! An attractive building? YES!
3.12.2013., News

Backslider's Calendar

JANUARY: I hereby resolve to start to Church this year! But I’ll wait until February. Gotta get over the Holidays. They take a lot out of a fellow.
23.11.2013., News

Croats in France to File Suit Against Bob Dylan

Croat association in France has announced it will file a lawsuit against Bob Dylan for making offensive comments about Croats in Rolling Stone magazine. The Council of Croats in France, CRICCF, has decided to file a lawsuit against the US singer and songwriter for making what they call "deeply offensive" comments against Croats.
23.11.2013., News

Jadovno tragedy revealed to Serbs in Leicester

At the Church of Holy Great-Martyr George in Leicester, UK, on 16 November there was a celebration of the Temple Patron’s Day, opening of My Jadovno exhibition and a lecture on the Gospić group of camps. The visitors, most of them descendants of the victims of the criminal regime of the Independent State of Croatia, were faced, some of them for the first time, with all the horrors of the legalised crime conducted in the summer of 1941 in the Gospić group of camps.
10.11.2013., News

Divine Lirurgy in Stoke-on- Trent, 10. nov. 2013

20th SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST A great battle: Life versus death (Luke 7:11-16)