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A Timeline of Church History

A  Word About  Church  History !

Scholars estimate there are over 2,600 groups today who lay claims to being the Church, or at least the direct descendants of the Church described in the New Testament Repeat: 2,600 !

But for the first thousand years of her history, the Church was essentially ONE!
Five historic Patriarchal centers: Jerusalem, Antioch, Rome, Alexandria  and Constantinople, formed a cohesive whole and were in full communion with one another. There were occasional heretical or schismatic groups going their own way, to be sure, but the Church was unifed until the 11th century.
Then, in events culminating in A.D. 1054, the Roman Patriarch pulled away from the other four, pursuing his long-developing claim of universal headship of the Christian Church !

Today, nearly a thousand years later, the other four Patriarchates remain intact, in full communion, maintain that Orthodox Apostolic Faith of the inspired New Testament record.

The history of the Orthodox Church is described herein, from Pentecost to present day.


+  33 A.D. Pentecost  -  The Birthday of the Christian Church.
+  49          Council at Jerusalem (Acts 15) establishes precedent
                   for addressing Church disputes in Council.
                   James presides as Bishop !
+  69          Bishop Ignatius consecrated in Antioch in heart of New
                   Testament era – St. Peter had been the first Bishop there.
                   Other early Bishops include James, Polycarp and Clement.
+  95          Book of Revelation written, probably the last of the New
                   Testament books.
+ 150         St. Justin Martyr describes the liturgical worship of the
                   Church, centered in the Eucharist. Liturgical worship is
                   Rooted in both, the Old and New Testaments
+ 313         The Edict of Milan marks an end to the period of Roman
                   persecution of Christianity, by Emperor Constantine the Great.


+ 325       The Council of Nicea settles the  major heretical challenge
                  to the Christian Faith posed when the heretic Arius asserts
                  Christ was created by the Father. Nicea is the first of Seven
                  Ecumenical (Church-wide) Councils.  
+ 451        Council of Chalcedon affirms apostolic doctrine of two natures
                  in Jesus Christ.
+ 589        A Synod in Toledo, Spain, adds the filiouque to the Nicene Creed
                 (asserting that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son).
                 This error is later adopted by Rome.
+ 787       The era of Ecumenical Councils ends at Nicea; the Seventh Council
                 restores the centuries-old use of icons to the Church.
+ 988       Conversion of Russia begins.
+ 1054     The Great Schism occurs. Two major issues include Rome’s claim to
                 a universal papal supremacy and her addition of the filiouque clause
                 to the Nicene Creed.


+ 1066    Norman conquest of Britain. Orthodox hierarchs are replaced with
                those loyal to Rome.

C R U S A D E  S   (1095  -  1291)

+  1095   The Crusades begun by the Roman Church. The Sack of
                 Constantinople  (1204) adds to the estrangement between
                 East and West.
+  1333   St. Gregory Palamas defends the Orthodox practice of hesychast
                spirituality and the use of the Jesus prayer.
+  1453   Turks overrun Constantinople - Byzantine Empire ends.
+  1517   Martin Luther nails his 95 Theses to the door of the Roman Church
                in Wittenberg, starting the Protestant Reformation.
+  1529   Church of England begins pulling away from Rome.
+  1794   Missionaries arrive on Kodiak Island in Alaska – Orthodoxy
                introduced to North America.
+  1870   Papal Infallibility becomes Roman dogma.
+  1988   One thousand years of Orthodoxy in Russia, as Orthodox Church
                world-wide maintains fullness of the Apostolic Faith.
+  2013   17th  Centennial Anniversary of the Edict of Milan (313 – 2013)
                in the Serbian City of Niš.

First Christian Emperor Constantine the Great was born in Naissus, Serbian City of Niš today. Emperor Constantine the Great, ruled the Western part of the Roman Empire from the 306 to 337 A.D.

With the beginning of the Christianization of the Roman Empire and the establishment of Constantinople, Constantine laid the foundation of the future empire which will last for 1,000 yaers. As the first Christian emperor and founder of the Christian Church, after his death he was canonized (337) while in Eastern Orthodox churches, including our Serbian Orthodox Church, he is regarded as the saint and the Emperor equal to Christ’s Disciple.

The Edict of Milan brought an end to the three centuries long persecution of Christians, return of their seized property and allowed them to profees their religion in public without suffering any consequences for it.

Through the Edict of Milan, which enabled “each one to have the free opportunity to worship as he pleases”, Christianity got a solid  foundation and point from which it could further grow, and thus only several decades
later (380 A.D.) under Emperor Theodosius the Great, it had become a religion of the state.

In our Serbian Orthodox Church we celebrate: "Holy Equal-to the- Apostles Emperor Constantine and (his mother) Helen", on 3rd  of june !


Other stories
20.10.2014., News

St.Thomas - The Apostle of Christ

Today, our Holy Orthodox Church is remembering one of Christ’s 12 Apostles, SV. TOMA - ST. THOMAS ! His full name was, Didemus Judas Thomas, who lived in Galilee when it was part of the ancient Roman Empire, and became one of Jesus Christ’s disciples when Jesus called him to join his ministry work.
29.7.2014., News

The soldier smaller than a gun

This is a story about the youngest soldier in the World War I and I am very proud to tell you this story as this brave soldier is from Serbia, my country of origin. His name is Momcilo Gavric and he was born on 1of May 1906 in Loznica, Serbia, as the eighth child from eleven. In the beginning of August 1914 Austro-Hungarian killed his mother, father and all his siblings. He survived as he was not at home when this happened. Left without family and home, Momcilo went to find the 6th Artillery Division of the Serbian Army which was near Gucevo. The Major of the Division accepted Momcilo after hearing what happened to him and to his family.
28.7.2014., News

Srpski Dan 2014.

Srpski Dan was once again held on the 14th June in Leicester and organised by the youth section of the Pokret Srpskih Četnika Ravne Gore. The day was opened by a blessing from Proto Radmilo Stokić, giving his best wishes to the football players and others attending ahead of the 5 a-side football tournament. There were 13 teams which took part in the tournament from different parts of England, including teams from Leicester itself, London, Oxford, Birmingham, Corby, Bedford, Leeds, Wakefield and Halifax.
6.7.2014., News

Celebration of Parish Patron Saint Day (Slava) of STS Apostles Peter & Paul in Derby

Program of Celebration of Parish Patron Saint Day (Slava) of STS Apostles Peter & Paul in Derby.
18.4.2014., News


If you go to any cemetery you will find a lot of graves and on all monuments you can read; “Here lies ….. Born on ….. Died on ….” But there is one grave, and the only in the all the world, that is different. It is the tomb of Christ. It has no remains, it lies empty. There is no monument on the grave. If there was, the monument would have these words: HE IS NOT HERE, HE IS RISEN
25.3.2014., News

Act from Bishop Dositej

With regard to the recent misunderstandings and problems in the named parish and with the aim to overcome them, I give blessing to the responsible parish priest, protopresbyter -stavrophor Fr. Radmilo Stokić and the newly elected parish board and approved by the Diocese Executive Board, to find a new place for worship in Derby because the church in Derby has been locked by a few of the former members of the previously dissolved parish board. If a resolution can not be found with the locked church in Leicester, act similarly. With this letter we call and ask all pious parishioners to understand this and act on this letter.
12.3.2014., News

Orthodoxy and Roman Catolicism

Our Church is the Apostolic Church, which means that it was founded by Jesus Christ and organized by the Holy Apostles. The teaching of Jesus Christ and His Holy Apostles has been faithfully preserved in our Church by the Holy Tradition. During the first few centuries, within the Church five Patriarchates were established with the sees in the following cities: Antioch (in Syria), Jerusalem, Alexandria (in Egypt), Rome and Constantinople. These five Patriarchates were united into One Church until the middle of the 11th century. In 1054, a split occurred between the four Eastern Patriarchates and the Roman (Western) Patriarchate.
11.3.2014., News, Memory Еternal

Dušan Balić

Dušan Balić was born on 15th November, 1925 in Riđane, in Serbian Krajina, to parents Andrija and Simeona. At the tender age of 15 he took up arms with his fellow Chetniks to fight for freedom and democracy, beliefs he held all his life. Escaping capture by the Germans and surviving the battle of Padjene he, along with many of his brothers in arms, found a new life in Britain.
8.3.2014., News

Divine Liturgy in Stoke-on-Trent, 09. march 2014.

Dear brothers and sisters, The first Sunday of great Easter Lent is called the “SUNDAY OF ORTHODOXY” in our Church. It is a day when we take a long and deep look at our Orthodox Faith, the ancient Faith of our fathers. It is obvious to all that we live in a day of tremendous change. Life today is vastly different from what it was fifty years ago. But in all this world of change, there is one thing that has never changed. The beliefs of the Orthodox Church have not changed.
27.2.2014., News

Welcome to the Orthodox Church

Maybe you’re looking for the Orthodox Church... ? "The word “orthodox” means “right belief” or “right praise”! The “Orthodox Church” is also known as the “Eastern Orthodox Church” !
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